The advantage of office bleaching is that you can see the result immediately. And the specialists of family dentistry «Your Dentist» make smiles not just dazzling, but also natural.
In-office teeth whitening is a procedure that raises many questions: is it necessary? is it harmful? And the same great interest in – cause who does not dream of a snow-white smile?
The first step is to figure out how teeth whitening differs from the usual professional cleaning procedure. Everything is quite simple here. Professional hygiene removes plaque from the teeth, and the enamel returns to its native shade. Whitening, in turn, acts on the very structure of the enamel: it can be used to whiten teeth and remove pigmentation. The cost of teeth whitening is higher than the cost of professional cleaning, but the result is much more noticeable.
Find out the details
- Causes of darkening of teeth
- Teeth Whitening Beyond
- Teeth whitening stages
- Contraindications to teeth whitening
Causes of darkening of teeth
There can be many reasons for enamel darkening. The most famous is the effect of products containing dyes, including artificial colors. This includes coffee, tea, wine, sauces, fruit and berry juices. Teeth discoloration can be affected by medications, including certain antibiotics, such as tetracyclines, and iron supplements.
Another common cause of teeth discoloration is smoking. Tobacco smoke contains resinous substances, and their deposits cause darkening of the teeth. There is a little pleasant: the enamel first turns yellow, eventually acquires a brown tint.
Another reason is that with age, the enamel becomes thinner, and through it dentin, the darker layer of the tooth, becomes visible.
Tooth trauma, diseases, including systemic and chronic ones, can directly affect the color of the teeth.
However, the main reason for darkening teeth is poor oral hygiene. If you neglect home cleaning and regular dental check-ups, plaque and calculus build up more and more and your smile loses its attractiveness.
Teeth Whitening Beyond
The clinic uses Beyond teeth whitening technology – a hardware whitening system using halogen lamps. Beyond is an American manufacturer that has long established itself in aesthetic dentistry, thanks to its gentle but effective action. Now this system is used more and more often because it does not cause strong tooth sensitivity after the whitening procedure, which patients sometimes complain about.
The Beyond system is a whitening gel that contains 10% hydrogen peroxide solution and the lamp itself, which activates this gel. The active component of the gel in this case is hydrogen peroxide. It acts on the enamel pigment, destroying it.
In one procedure, you can whiten your teeth by one to three shades. But these indicators are conditional and depend on how much the enamel was painted, whether it had a dark or yellow tint. If the result seems insufficient to the patient, then the procedure can be repeated. The interval between such visits is seven to twelve days. The possibility of a second procedure depends on the sensitivity of the teeth and the individual tolerance of the solution.
If the patient adheres to the recommendations and is responsible for professional hygiene, the effect of teeth whitening will last a year or a half. Whitening intervals should be twelve to eighteen months.
When deciding on teeth whitening, it should be borne in mind that dental restorations, unlike enamel, are not bleached. This applies to fillings, veneers and crowns. In the case of color disharmony, the dentist first performs whitening and then replaces the restorations. This is especially true for those patients who have large fillings in their front teeth.
Teeth whitening stages
Before bleaching, the patient must undergo professional hygiene. At this stage, it is important to get rid of tartar and plaque – this can be fully done only at the dentist’s appointment.
The dentist also carries out remineralization – saturation of the enamel with mineral components, in particular – fluorides and calcium. Remineralization makes the structure of the enamel stronger, and itself – resistant to external influences.
The next requirement for a successful whitening procedure is isolation of the gingival margin in order to avoid trauma to the gums during the procedure.
The dentist then applies a bleaching gel to the area to be bleached and activates it with a lamp. The duration of this stage is only nine to twelve minutes, after which the doctor rinses off the gel, evaluates the shade of the tooth using a special scale and applies the next portion. The application is repeated two to three times, and the whole process takes forty to fifty minutes.
At the end of the procedure, a desensitizer is applied to the teeth – a gel that removes sensitivity. It works instantly.
Last, but not least, is the dentist’s recommendations on how to care for bleached teeth at home. The doctor will tell you how to properly brush your teeth, interdental spaces and how to keep your teeth white as long as possible.
Contraindications to teeth whitening
Hardware whitening is harmless, but like any dental procedure, it has its own contraindications. These include:
- Inflammation of the soft tissues, including gingivitis, stomatitis and periodontitis.
- Chipped and cracked teeth.
- Caries and enamel erosion – as in the case of chipped teeth, teeth must first be cured and then whitened.
- Wedge-shaped defects, recessions – the risk of hypersensitivity after the procedure, which the patient cannot overcome, is too high.
- Bad gum fitting to a tooth – there is a risk that the bleaching solution will burn soft tissues.
- Intolerance to the drugs that are part of the whitening gel (allergic reactions).
- Some of the common diseases.
A relative contraindication for teeth whitening is hyperesthesia, or tooth sensitivity. If the enamel is thin and sensitive, but you still want to whiten, modern dentistry has a way out. For this, the dentist conducts a special preparation of the teeth before bleaching – remineralization – during which the teeth are saturated with fluoride and calcium compounds. And modern Beyond technologies make the whitening procedure delicate even for hypersensitive teeth.
Also, whitening, as a rule, is not performed for pregnant women. However, the whitening systems are safe for women and do not affect the fetus in any way.
Frequently asked questions
You probably care about questions that other patients have already asked. Look through the answers to them, but if you still have doubts –
just contact us!
- Is whitening performed for teenagers?
In principle, whitening is not performed for children under sixteen. They are still developing enamel and teething, so the whitening components can disrupt the natural processes of dentition formation, for example, enamel formation.
For those over the age of sixteen, the dentist will suggest a personalized whitening plan. For example, for young patients, the gel activation time or steps are shortened.
After professional hygiene, it may turn out that the teenager does not need a whitening procedure: the enamel is brightened to a natural shade and further correction is necessary.
- Is it harmful to whiten teeth?
In-office whitening procedure is fast and safe. It does not alter the acidity of the oral cavity, does not affect fillings, and does not destroy enamel or dentin. By choosing the right bleaching method and having undergone special training, you can not be afraid that manipulations will harm the enamel or make your teeth more sensitive.
Some patients fear that the enamel will be damaged by the high degree of whitening drugs. In fact, this is not entirely true – long-term exposure, not an increased concentration of components., can be really harmful.
The dentist preserves the enamel surface from harmful effects. This is due to the fact that he selects the effective concentration of the active component and regulates the exposure time, making it as short as possible.
The original Beyond lamp we use is gentle on soft tissues. It does not have a detrimental effect in the least, because it emits light green light – not cold and not warm.
- How to maintain a snow-white smile after the procedure?
In short, avoid dyeing products, smoking, maintain home oral hygiene at a level and come to professional cleaning on time.
After the procedure, you will have to adhere to a “white” or “colorless” diet for two to three days. The name speaks for itself: you need to exclude ingredients that contain dyes: black tea, coffee, red wine, and so on. And it is better to give up bright lipstick. This is a temporary measure: Beyond Teeth Whitening does not make the enamel less stain resistant.
As a prevention of enamel darkening, the dentist will recommend hygiene products. There is plenty to choose from – there are plenty of them on the Ukrainian market. These can be professional toothpastes that will improve the result of the procedure: they penetrate into the interdental spaces and whiten teeth.
One or two times a week, you can use abrasive toothpastes – that is, those that have a high abrasiveness index (RDA). The level value is usually indicated on the packaging of the toothpaste. Due to the large amount of abrasive particles – over 70 – whitening pastes aggressively and effectively remove plaque, returning the enamel to its natural shade. Often they cannot be used, but they will help maintain the effect after the next whitening procedure.
In addition, you can use dental floss. But in order to have a result, you need to use it correctly: first grab one side of the interdental space with a thread, then the other, making your way to the upper edge of the tooth with sawing movements. Your dentist will also help you choose the right toothbrush.
And finally, the dentist will tell you what the irrigator is for, to whom it is indicated and how to choose it. The irrigator generates a pulsating stream of water that cleans the interdental spaces from deposits. They are portable and stationary, and can be used by the whole family (each must have their own attachment).
To maintain a snow-white smile, you need to remember about professional cleaning. Only a dentist can remove all plaque and calculus. You should come for cleaning every six months.
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