Installation of braces and bite correction
- Orthodontic constructions
- All types of braces
The decision to put braces has a positive effect on later life: on health, appearance, self-esteem. It is not for nothing that many patients begin to smile more after their installation.
There are more than enough modern methods of bite correction. These include plates, mouth guards, and trainers – removable orthodontic constructions and braces. All of them are used in different cases and are effective in their own way, but braces have the most opportunities.
Mouth guards align individual groups of teeth, mainly frontal – front teeth that are easy to align. They are used at any age, often in adolescence, to eliminate bite defects. And also – to protect against bruxism, or teeth grinding. Trainers, mouth guards and plates are most in demand in childhood and adolescence, and often serve as the first stage in bite correction.
Braces are successfully used to correct occlusion problems of any complexity and to correct deformities. Braces are placed on patients with both congenital and acquired defects. Including, with deformations caused by the wrong shape or structure of the tooth, its wrong position relative to other teeth or the position in the hole. Finally, braces correct deformities caused by missing or lost teeth.
Find out the details
- What causes a malocclusion?
- Why is bite correction important?
- Types of braces
- Steps for installing braces
- What awaits the patient after the installation of braces
- What Happens After Removing Braces
- How to align teeth with aligners?
What causes a malocclusion?
Bad habits in childhood – for example, lip biting or foreign objects in the mouth – often lead to malocclusion. And there are many habits that can one way or another affect the formation of bone tissue and bite. For example, a child may breathe through the mouth, bite on the upper or lower lip, suck on a finger, or put their tongue between their teeth, and the parents may not know how this will affect their dental health.
In addition, the frenulum of the upper, lower lip or tongue affects the malocclusion. The short frenulum of the upper lip leads to the fact that the front teeth move forward, a gap appears between them – a diastema.
For the formation of the bite, it is very important that the child has normal nasal breathing. If it is disturbed due to frequent illnesses, and the mouth is constantly open, then the jaws develop incorrectly.
Finally, a genetic predisposition affects the formation of bite.
Why is bite correction important?
Incorrect closing of teeth is fraught with not only a cosmetic defect. A pathological occlusion leads to dental problems: grinding, abrasion and chipping of enamel, loss of fillings, loosening and loss of teeth, gum and periodontal disease. In addition, he pulls headaches, distortion of the oval of the face, facial expressions and speech.
Incorrect positioning of teeth can lead to the development of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and ENT diseases, such as sinusitis or pharyngitis.
It is important to remember that such problems are best addressed as early as possible. Therefore, you need to start visiting an orthodontist at the age of five to six, and problems with bite should be solved before the jaws finally grow and form.
Braces help solve many bite problems, and malocclusion is not only an aesthetic problem: it directly affects dental health. And they use them at any age. For example, older patients get braces before moving on to orthopedic treatment. It is important for such patients to correct deformities of the dentition before starting prosthetics. Braces align the teeth in three planes, restore the functionality of the dentition and give an excellent aesthetic result.
Types of braces
In addition to the usual metal braces, there are other options. Ceramic and sapphire systems are relatively invisible: the former are as close to the color of the teeth as possible, the latter are transparent. For any of the species, bioinert materials are used that do not cause rejection by the body.
The cost of ceramic and sapphire braces is higher than metal ones, but at the same time they are more aesthetic. And they are just as reliable: in the manufacture of ceramic high-strength ceramics are used, sapphire ones are made from single-crystal sapphires.
Steps for installing braces
At the consultation, the dentist will rule out contraindications for braces. It may be the mobility of the teeth, then the patient needs preparation before orthodontic treatment. Most often, the installation of braces is not relevant for patients with dental implants and prostheses. But there are exceptions – then the implants serve as a support for the braces.
The first thing to do if you are going to get braces is to sanitize your mouth. This means that it is necessary to cure all existing dental diseases, be it caries, pulpitis or acute inflammatory processes. Complex refurbishment also includes professional cleaning.
When planning orthodontic treatment, the doctor decides whether to remove or not to remove his wisdom teeth. There is no need to regret if the dentist suggests removing all four eights – if they grow incorrectly, all orthodontic treatment can come to naught. If the wisdom teeth are dystopic, that is, they occupy the wrong position, if they do not erupt or are not cut completely, then they must be removed.
Braces installation takes approximately 60 minutes per jaw. Before directly installing, the dentist takes pictures of the teeth, takes diagnostic impressions, from which plaster models are cast. This is done in order to track progress – to observe how the position of the teeth changes during treatment. And also in order to assess the initial position and predict the correct closure of the jaw.
An individual lock is selected for each tooth, which is fixed on a photopolymer material. After that, an orthodontic arch is placed, which is previously given an optimal shape for the dentition. For conventional braces, the arch is fixed with an elastic band. If the braces are self-ligating, or without ligature, then the arc is held by a special lock. The fastening technology in the future depends on how often you have to visit the orthodontist for corrections.
The doctor will definitely tell you how to properly care for the braces and the oral cavity, how often to go for corrections.
What awaits the patient after the installation of braces
Contrary to common feelings, with braces you can live a full life, eat normally (with only minor restrictions on solid foods) and communicate. Two things to keep in mind when doing this are regular checkups with your orthodontist and careful oral hygiene.
As a rule, with regular braces, it is worth visiting the dentist once every three weeks. If the braces are self-ligating, then you need to come for an examination less often – once every three to four months. This is convenient for those patients who have business trips, live in another city, another country. Or for those who are too lazy to come to the clinic often for correction. Accordingly, the price of ligature-free braces is higher than traditional ones.
A regular visit to the orthodontist is a must. The doctor observes the movement of the teeth, changes the traction force in time to align them. If you miss regular visits, the treatment can be delayed, and instead of a year, braces will have to be worn for more than a year and a half.
After the braces are installed, some places become difficult to reach for a regular brush. To maintain oral hygiene, you need to use orthodontic brushes and special braces brushes.
Another indispensable thing for brushing teeth with braces is an irrigator. It removes plaque and food debris even in hard-to-reach places using a firm jet of water. It is pleasant to brush your teeth with it – and very convenient if you have braces. The irrigator not only helps to clean out hard-to-reach places, but also performs hydromassage of the gums. This is important because the gum very often suffers while wearing braces, becomes inflamed, does not grow properly, and an irrigator helps to cope with such problems.
The doctor will help you to understand what additional care products the patient may need. He will also observe how well the patient copes with cleaning at home, and will give recommendations.
What Happens After Removing Braces
When the long-awaited moment comes, the dentist removes the bracket system, cleans the teeth from photopolymer material and polishes them – this is a painless procedure. After removing the system, it is important to fix the current, correct position of the teeth, wait for the effect to stabilize. If this is not done, the teeth will begin to move back, and soon you will have to start the treatment again.
The new position of the teeth is fixed using a retainer – a special splint that is glued to the inner surface of the teeth, as a rule, on the six front ones. The retainer looks like a thin wire secured with a composite material. The retainer stabilizes the teeth and at the same time remains invisible, does not create discomfort, does not require restrictions in nutrition or care.
Depending on the nature of the bite and other indications, a mouthguard may be needed after removing the bracket system. The retention guard is made of a transparent polymer material and is worn overnight.
How to align teeth with aligners?
If you have made a decision to finally “build” your teeth properly, feel free to go for a consultation with a dentist at the Your Dentist clinic.
The doctor will assess the extent of the problem and the possibility of correcting it with the Invisalign aligner. Aligners have no absolute contraindications, but we emphasize once again that not all defects can be corrected by Invisalign aligners, no matter how much we want to. Only braces, which are now also very diverse and sparing, can rotate a tooth around its axis or eliminate severe crowding.
Having assigned the client to correct the occlusion with aligners for the teeth, the orthodontist will make an impression of the jaw. And in the future, according to it, it will “shift” the teeth in the direction of the required result, and in a special laboratory, using these models, the mouthguards from a transparent hypoallergenic biopolymer will be customized for you. The treatment plan, divided into stages, must be agreed with you, so you should not be afraid of exciting uncertainty.
At the Your Dentist clinic we use individually modeled mouthguards, which helps to achieve the most accurate result, because there are no two identical smiles.
Frequently asked questions
You probably care about questions that other patients have already asked. Look through the answers to them, but if you still have doubts –
just contact us!
- How long should braces be worn?
On average, patients of Your Dentist family dentistry wear braces for a year or a year and a half. However, in difficult cases, for example, due to specific malocclusion in adulthood, treatment with tooth extraction, wearing braces may take longer. However, if the patient misses regular check-ups with the orthodontist, then the treatment is delayed.
- How early can braces be placed?
As a rule, the installation of braces begins after the molars have erupted, and the bone tissue has not yet had time to fully form. Prior to this, dentition anomalies are corrected with the help of plates, mouth guards and trainers.
Orthodontists recommend placing braces as early as possible – before the age of fourteen – so that treatment is as fast and effective as possible.
In exceptional cases, they put it at an earlier age, starting from seven to eight years. In such cases, braces are only attached to the anterior incisors. Such situations are extremely rare.
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